Indian cities and SDG 11.2 – eGov Magazine
India is transforming into an increasingly urbanized country. Most estimates indicate that India’s urbanization is set to accelerate in the coming decades. The scale of the projected urban population offers both an opportunity and a challenge to mobilize resources and capacities to manage this transition.
Recent global political discourses orchestrated under the auspices of the United Nations, such as the Agenda for Sustainable Development (2030), the Paris Agreement, the Kyoto Protocol and the New Urban Agenda – all stress the need for a concerted focus on the city and the community scale and bring direct tangible benefits to the quality of life of the population. India affirms its commitment to the broader goals of urban equity and poverty eradication, productivity, competitiveness, innovation and urban resilience, while respecting the carrying capacity of the planet.
At the heart of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 11 is essential urban transformation. SDG 11, made up of 10 sub-goals and 15 indicators, is the most relevant to shape and function future cities. It aims to make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable by eliminating slum-like conditions, providing fossil fuel-free transport, renewable energy and improved urban planning, reducing urban sprawl. , by increasing people’s participation in urban governance, improving preservation of culture and heritage, meeting the challenges of urban resilience and climate change, better managing urban environments (pollution and waste management), providing access to safe and secure public spaces for all and improve urban management through better policies and regulations. India, through its flagship missions, is already striving to achieve inclusive, safe, sustainable and adequate housing for individuals and families while promoting livelihoods, innovation, urban renewal and preservation. of the built heritage of India.
The National Institute of Urban Affairs and eGov magazine have collaborated to raise awareness, inform, recognize, celebrate and share successes by publishing a special series focusing on SDG 11. The second issue of the series focuses on SDG 11.2 : provide access to affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, in particular by developing public transport, with particular attention to the needs of people in vulnerable situations, women and children, people with disabilities and older people by 2030.
Transportation networks are the backbone of the economy of any country. Currently, the transport sector contributes around 6.81% to the Indian economy. Transportation networks and services contribute to the physical, social and economic well-being of people by providing them with access to jobs, health, education and other key services. Well integrated, sustainable and inclusive transport also promotes development, promotes equity and reduces poverty in an urban area.
This issue is a collection of 13 articles and four interviews related to the urban transport situation in India. They stress the need for a comprehensive understanding and assessment of the urban transport sector through social, environmental and economic aspects. The major themes addressed in the articles include mixed land use and smart growth, development focused on public transport, cost and accessibility of transport, public transport, transport facilities and accessibility for women, children, people with disabilities and the elderly, India’s programs and policies, transport financing models, use of technology, information and data in transport planning.
NIUA is committed to helping Indian cities perform better. To achieve this goal, as well as our own resources, we partner with the media, industry, academia and other governmental and non-governmental organizations for effective research, capacity building and advocacy results. This collaboration is a proof of that. The NIUA and eGov magazine teams have worked enthusiastically to bring together a diverse knowledge base on cross-cutting issues in the transport sector in India for this special issue. My sincere thanks to all the authors who contributed to this special issue and shared their knowledge to make this issue possible.