The reality of climate change requires an urgent national and global response


KUWAIT: This archive photo shows a dust storm in Kuwait. – KUNA

KUWAIT: Record heat waves in the United States, Canada, Russia and some European countries, forest fires in countries such as Greece, Turkey and Lebanon, as well as sea level rise in regions like East Antarctica all point to a common perpetrator: climate change. What seemed to be a problem for future generations is happening here and now and according to international organizations, such as the UN and others, this problem needs urgent solution or humanity is doomed.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said in a recent statement, citing a report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), that climate change was a “code red for humanity. “, which begs the question of what human beings will do to overcome this dilemma? In search of answers on the fight against climate change, several local experts were consulted to provide their contribution.

The chief of marine forecasting at the Kuwait Meteorological and Control Center (KCMC), Yasser Al-Bloushi, said the main cause of climate change was emissions of greenhouse gases, which prevent the sun’s rays from s escape from the Earth’s atmosphere, causing increased temperatures and other catastrophic environmental effects. Countries, which had not experienced heat waves before, are now facing rising temperatures in addition to abnormal weather conditions, leading to forest fires, sea level rise, flooding, lava flows. mud, etc., he added.

The solution? Decrease or manage the levels of greenhouse gas emissions caused by vehicles, factories and other culprits, Bloushi said. Nationally, Bloushi revealed that Kuwait has recorded unprecedented high temperatures, exceeding 50 degrees Celsius on average this summer compared to previous years. The strong wind also increased dust, which has adverse effects on human health and electrical infrastructure, he added.

Dark future
Regarding the grim possibilities for the future, meteorologist Mohammad Karam stressed the need for a global position to reduce carbon emissions to the atmosphere by combating this with environmentally friendly technologies, otherwise hope will be lost. . He pointed out that the World Meteorological Organization’s (WMO) forecast for the temperature in the next half-century predicted that the temperature would rise by 1.5 to 2.5 percent, causing sea level to rise and threatening the very existence of humans on this planet.

As for Kuwait’s contributions to improving the chances of tackling climate change, the deputy head of monitoring at the Public Environment Authority (EPA), Samira Al-Kanderi, revealed that the country is a signatory to the Convention. -United Nations Climate Change Framework (UNFCCC) since 1994. The first article of the UNFCCC attributed climate change to direct and indirect human activities, which reshaped the composition of the Earth’s atmosphere, resulting in alarming weather conditions and weird. Kuwait also signed the Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change of the UNFCCC in 2005 and the Paris Agreement in 2018, she said.

Kanderi added that Kuwait provided its national environmental proclamations in 2012 and 2019 as well as the Kuwait National Adaptation Plan (PAN) submitted to the UNFCCC on February 11, 2021. She said the documents offered contributions and forecasts of greenhouse gas emissions up to 2035 in addition to data on rising temperatures and sea levels up to 2100. She revealed that the EPA was in the process of formulating the Kuwait’s 2050 strategy for the decree on carbon emissions as well as the 2025 document for national contributions under the Paris Agreement. – KUNA

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