What is the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change? What are they doing? -Technology news, Firstpost


Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Provides the world’s most prestigious scientific assessment on climate change. It provides policy makers with a scientific basis on climate change, its impacts and risks, and a regular assessment of options to reduce emissions and adapt to the now inevitable impacts.

The IPCC report is produced on behalf of the 193 governments of the United Nations.

The IPCC has already published five assessment reports and is currently completing its sixth assessment (AR6), with the publication of the first part of the report Physical science of climate change, Scheduled for August 9.

Each assessment cycle brings together scientists from all over the world and scientists from many disciplines. The current cycle includes 721 sciences from 90 countries in three working groups covering Physical Science Basics (WGI), Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability (WGII) and Climate Change Mitigation (WGIII). Participate.

In each assessment cycle, the IPCC identifies areas of agreement in the scientific community, areas of disagreement, and areas where further research is needed.

The IPCC report is based on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (1st assessment, 1990), Kyoto Protocol (2nd assessment, 1995) and Paris Agreement (5th assessment, 2013-2014). The first AR6 (WGI) report will be published in August of this year, and its approval meeting will effectively be held for the first time in the IPCC’s 30-year history.

The reports of the GTII and GTIII will follow in February and March 2022. Detailed report September 2022 – in time for the first UNFCCC Global review It is time for every country to consider progress towards the Paris Agreement goal of keeping global warming below 2 ° C.

During the AR6 cycle, the IPCC also published three special reports.

How the IPCC achieves consensus

The authors of the IPCC come from academia, industry, government and non-governmental organizations. All authors go through a rigorous selection process. They must be leaders in every field with a strong publishing record and an international reputation.

The author team usually meets in person four times throughout the writing cycle. This is essential to allow cross-cultural discussions and exchanges (sometimes passionate) in order to build a truly global perspective. During the AR6 assessment cycle, the Working Group 1 Lead Authors’ Meeting (LAM) was not interrupted by COVID-19, but the final IWGI and IWGII meetings were held remotely, with different time zones, corrected Internet access, and made communication challenges more difficult.

The IPCC report is In-depth peer review process.. Each chapter undergoes two rounds of scientific peer review and review, first by expert peer reviewers, then by government officials and experts.

This review process is one of the most thorough for any scientific document. The AR6WGI alone generated 74,849 comments from hundreds of reviewers representing different disciplines and scientific perspectives. By comparison, articles published in peer-reviewed journals are reviewed by only a few experts.

Role of government

The term intergovernmental reflects the fact that the IPCC report is produced on behalf of the 193 governments of the United Nations. The summary review process (SPM) for policymakers and the agreement on wording make it difficult for the government to reject reports developed and approved during political negotiations.

It is important to note that government involvement is at the review stage, so the government cannot say what to include in the report. However, they participate in the line-by-line reviews and revisions of RID during plenary sessions where all texts must be approved verbatim.

Acceptance in this context means that the government agrees that the document is a full and balanced scientific review of the subject, and not whether it likes the content.

The role of government representatives in plenary is to ensure that each government is satisfied with the assessment and that the assessment is linked to policy without prescribing it. Government officials may attempt to influence RID wording to support the negotiating position, while other government officials and session experts said the language was evidence-based. Make sure you are there.

Climate change denials argue that the IPCC report is one-sided with political motivation. However, this is difficult to defend given the many stages in which experts from across the political and scientific field intervene. The author should record all scientifically or technically valid points of view to represent every aspect of the scientific debate, even if they may not correspond to the consensus point of view.

The role of the IPCC is crucial in bringing together the international scientific community to assess the science and determine whether it is good science and whether it should be seen as part of a body of evidence.

Rebecca Harris, director of the Climate Future Program, University of Tasmania, senior lecturer in climatology

This article will be republished from conversation Licensed under Creative Commons. Read original work..

What is the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change? What are they doing? -Technology news, Firstpost

What is the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change? What are they doing? -Technology News, Firstpost

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