What will our future climate look like? – The town crier of Saint Anselme

In Glasgow, Scotland, for two weeks in early November, world leaders gathered for the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference. The goal of the Conference, also known as COP26, was “to unite the world to tackle climate change ”(As reported on the COP26 UK website.) Organized by the UK in partnership with Italy from October 31 to November 13,“ The COP26 brought together parties to accelerate action towards the goals of the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. “

The official United Nations website on climate change states that the Paris Agreement is a “legally binding international treaty on climate change.” Six years ago, the Paris Agreement was adopted by 196 parties at the COP21, held in Paris in April 2015. The objective of the Paris Agreement is to unite all nations in a common goal against climate change – to implement drastic economic and social changes with the aim of limiting global warming to less than 2 (but ideally 1.5) degrees Celsius. The Accord aims to achieve this goal by reaching “a global peak in greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible to achieve a climate neutral world by mid-century.”

The ultimate goal of the United Nations Framework Convention, which has almost universal membership, as stated on the UNFCCC website, is to “prevent ‘dangerous’ human interference with the climate system. »How far has COP26 gone to act on both the Paris Agreement and the UNFCCC?

The UKCOP26 website provides an overview of the COP26 negotiations, saying: “Climate negotiators have ended two weeks of intense talks with consensus on urgently accelerating climate action. »The Glasgow Climate Pact manifests itself through the UNFCCC, the Paris

Accord, and the CMP (or Kyoto Protocol), and all decisions made at COP26 fall under one of these treaties.

The objectives of COP26 included finalizing the rules necessary for the implementation of the Paris Agreement as well as finalizing the outstanding issues of COP25. The COP26 also sought to address all the essential negotiating points for the 197 nations involved for 2020-2021, including setting timetables for reducing emissions, “enabling enhanced adaptation action”, “enabling ambition through carbon markets ”and, ultimately,“ promoting equitable, inclusive, climate action.

According to “COP26: Negotiations Explained”, “The Glasgow Climate Pact, combined with increased ambition and action by countries, means that 1.5C remains in sight and intensifies action to address climate impacts, but it will not be implemented only with concerted and immediate global efforts.

As stated on the UKCOP26 site, “Paris has set the destination” and “Glasgow has kept it alive”. It is now up to each country concerned to take the necessary measures to keep the objective of minimizing global warming alive. A November 15 tweet from Greta Thunberg, a leading climate change activist, reminds us that “those in power don’t need conferences, treaties or agreements to start taking real climate action. They can start today. When enough people come together, change will come and we can achieve almost anything. So instead of looking for hope, start creating it.

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